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Causes of runny nose for children and methods of treatment

The term runny nose is considered the production of large amounts of mucus by the nose compared to the normal situation, and as it is known, the mucus occurs as part of the histamine reaction to allergies, as well as the secretion of mucus is part of the body’s defense when exposed to respiratory infection, and it should be noted that a runny nose also occurs when The need to remove something from the nose, such as pollen or dust.

Causes of runny nose in children
Colds are the most common cause of acute and chronic rhinorrhea, and these symptoms are accompanied by a host of other symptoms such as mild fever, headache, sore throat, coughing, as well as sneezing, watering eyes, feeling tired, and it should be noted that the child's condition may improve On their own in about seven days.

Influenza and allergies:
Where it may be a cause of a runny nose as well, and in general it may be associated with colds and flu forming mucus that fills the nasal cavity causing temporary blockage of the nose, in addition to allergies, as this condition may occur in children over two years of age, as a result of exposure to many of the substances that cause For allergies, this can happen in a particular season or season, or it may happen as a result of exposure to substances that cause allergies in general, and this condition may be accompanied by several symptoms; lacquering and itching eyes, sneezing, asthma, rubbing of the nose, and the release of large amounts of transparent mucus. .

Sinus infection:
Where this bacterial infection works in the development and persistence of the disease sometimes, in fact a group of symptoms appears in young children who suffer from sinusitis; these symptoms are suffering from back nasal dropping, bad breath, and cough that appears during the day and gets worse during the day Night, in addition to swelling around the eyes, a runny nose that lasts for more than 10-14 days, and nasal secretions can be transparent or thick, green or yellow.

Allergic and non-allergic rhinitis:
Mucus may appear in this case as a result of an allergic reaction, or a nose’s reaction to allergens such as pollen or pet dander, and non-allergic rhinitis. Mucus may be caused by the nose’s reaction when exposed to some irritants such as smoke or pollutants, or as a result of the body’s reaction Towards other stimuli, such as cold weather or hot food.

Nasal conch swelling or increased size:
This condition may occur as a result of an allergy or infection and lead to a stuffy nose, and foreign bodies entering the nose, where the child may introduce foreign objects into his nose, and these bodies may cause a stuffy nose and mucus with an unpleasant odor.

Treatment of a runny nose in children:

  •  Decongestants: whether oral or topical, as these drugs help in treating stuffy nose and congestion, and what should be noted is to avoid using decongestants topical for children under twelve years of age, and teenagers should not be used for more than a few days.
  • Nasal washings: This wash is used to relieve congestion and reduce sinus infection, and is considered an antihistamine, as these drugs contribute to controlling nasal gonorrhea and sneezing due to allergies. In fact, these medicines may cause drowsiness, and therefore you should consult a doctor before giving it to children.
  • Leukotriene receptor antagonists: The role of these antigens is to contribute to controlling nasal gonorrhea, congestion, and sneezing due to allergies.
  • Antihistamine nasal sprays, and their effect is similar to leukotriene blockers and steroid nasal sprays.
  • The use of antibiotics: the doctor will resort to prescribing them in cases where the child suffers from the failure of other options in controlling his condition, in the event that the child has sinus infection.
  • Drinking a lot of fluids: Drinking a lot of fluids helps to keep the body hydrated, and this reduces the thickness and viscosity of the mucus, and reduces its adhesion in the sinuses, and it is worth noting that hot drinks are more beneficial than cold drinks, because of the heat and steam, which It helps open and relieve air congestion.
  • Hot steam inhalation: Studies have shown that hot steam inhalation greatly helps in treating a runny nose, especially gonorrhea caused by the common cold, as it reduces the time needed to recover by a week compared to not breathing the steam at all, and it is worth noting that a few drops can be added From essential oils to water, such as: mint oil, tea tree oil, rosemary oil, and thyme oil.
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