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Causes and treatment of rapid heart rate

The heart is considered one of the most important organs in the human body, the heart, as its pulses and pulses are measured and in a harmonious timing, and this harmony may be subjected to a disorder in it, as the heart rate may accelerate and may slow according to the factors affecting it, and it is also possible that the pulse is accelerated, which is the tachycardia that It is faster than the normal heart rate in other people, that is, more than 100 accuracy per minute, as the heart of healthy adults usually beats 60 to 100 times per minute when the person is at rest, and the increase in heart rate is in the upper chambers of the heart (atria) Or lower chambers of the heart (ventricles), or both together, Where the heart rate is controlled by electrical signals sent through the tissues of the heart, and when an abnormality occurs in the heart, rapid electrical signals are produced that travel quickly within the cardiac muscle tissue causing this disorder, but in some cases, the acceleration of the heart rate may not cause any symptoms or complications, However, it can disrupt normal heart function, increase the risk of stroke, or cause cardiac arrest or sudden death. There are treatments that help control the speed of the heartbeat and treat diseases that contribute to a fast heartbeat.

Causes of a fast heart:
Exposure to stress:
It is like exposure to fear, anxiety, stress and anger, as we are often exposed to situations that affect us in one way or another, and here the brain reviews the current situation and stimulates the adrenal gland to secrete the hormone adrenaline or epinephrine in response to it, and the adrenaline raises blood pressure and increases heart rate (acceleration) ).

 Weak blood:
 As the weak blood results due to a lack of the amount of iron in it, and therefore the amount of oxygen carried in the blood decreases, and the heart senses that there is a shortage in providing oxygen to the cells, and it doubles its work and efforts to compensate for this deficiency and thus leads to an acceleration of the heart rate.

Reduction of Blood pressure:
As it weakens the blood circulation and therefore does not reach a sufficient amount of blood to the various parts of the body and therefore does not reach a sufficient amount of oxygen, materials and nutrients necessary for these parts, and this pushes the heart to double its effort in order to provide an appropriate amount of blood to these parts and consequently the acceleration of the heart beats .

Heart problems themselves:
Like the occurrence of an enlarged heart (as a cause and as a result of acceleration); since the heart due to multiple factors such as that we mentioned earlier doubles its effort and with time it begins to enlarge as a result, and if it is subjected to enlargement as a result of repeated infections, it will accelerate to compensate for the lack of blood pumping, such as doing physical work even if it is simple, and causes Vascular problems and high blood pressure.

 Excessive physical exertion:
 As the excessive physical exertion increases the body's need for oxygen and it also increases the effort of the heart to pump blood to make up for this deficiency. Chronic cough and allergies: The chronic and strong cough puts pressure on the chest muscles and the body needs oxygen and therefore leads to an acceleration of the heart, as the sensitivity may cause acceleration in the heart muscle beats; as the body becomes in need of oxygen due to shortness of breath as a symptom of allergies and makes an additional effort to compensate This deficiency leads to high fever, and taking some medications or medicinal herbs.

Symptoms of tachycardia:
 Regardless of any type of tachycardia, the patient may experience several symptoms:
  1. Dizziness.
  2. Vertigo.
  3. Shortness of breath.
  4.  pain in chest.
  5.  Feeling of a heartbeat.
  6. In severe cases, you can become unconscious.
  7.  Reduction of Blood pressure.

Treatment of rapid heartbeat:
 Treatment of a fast heart rate depends on the main cause of the condition, and also on its severity. The treatment aims to reduce the heart rate and prevent the occurrence of health complications. In some cases, the heart rate can be controlled by doing some simple procedures, while some other cases may need to interfere. Medical.

Treating the main cause:
 Treatment is carried out according to the cause and type of disease, exposure to bleeding: where if the rapid heart rate is caused by a loss of a quantity of blood due to the occurrence of bleeding, the amount of blood lost is first compensated by transferring the blood to the affected person, or by providing it with intravenous fluids Then, the doctor determines the location of the bleeding and treats it appropriately.
  • Lung disease: The treatment of lung diseases that have caused an increase in the speed of the heartbeat is carried out using appropriate medicines for the condition, such as pneumonia.
  •  Suffering from fever: Fever is treated with the use of a fever-reducing medicine, such as ibuprofen and Paracetamol, and if the fever is caused by a bacterial infection, resort to one of the antibiotics may be used.
  •  Hyperthyroidism: If the cause of an increased heart rate is an overactive thyroid gland, one of which is used to counteract hyperactivity such as methimazole or by performing surgery to remove part of the thyroid gland, or by using radioactive iodine.