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Benefits and symptoms of vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D is sun vitamin, because the body can manufacture it when exposed to sunlight. Exposure to its rays two to three times per week for 5-10 minutes is sufficient for most people to produce vitamin D. Vitamin D is important for healthy bones and teeth, and it helps to enhance the health of the immune system, brain, nervous system, and regulating insulin levels, And many other functions.

Benefits of vitamin D.
 Vitamin D supplements are used to treat many health conditions, the most important of which are:
Treatment of hypophosphatemia:
As taking vitamin D pills in the form of calcitriol, or dehydrotoxicesterol, is effective in treating bone disorders in people with hypophosphatemia, taking vitamin D supplements in the form of Ergocalciferol is effective in treating hypophosphatemia, caused by Fanconi syndrome.

It helps to treat calcium deficiency:
And a lack of calcium is caused by a deficiency of the parathyroid hormone, as low levels of this hormone cause a decrease in the levels of calcium in the blood, and this can be treated by taking vitamin D in the form of calcitriol, or dihydrotoxicesterol, or ergocalciferol, which helps to increase the levels of calcium in the blood.

It helps to treat softening of the bones:
As taking vitamin D in the form of calcitriol is effective in treating osteomalacia resulting from liver disease, and taking vitamin D in the form of ergocalciferol is effective in treating osteomalacia resulting from absorption problems, or taking certain types of medications.

 Improvement of the psoriasis problem:
Applying vitamin D in the form of calcipotriol to the skin can treat psoriasis in some people, but its use with a cream containing corticosteroid compounds can be more effective for treating this disease.

Sources of vitamin D:
  • Sun rays:Where it can be said that exposure to sunlight is considered sufficient to manufacture vitamin D, between April and September, and between October and the beginning of March, sunlight may be insufficient to produce Vitamin D in the quantities needed by the body.
  •  Food sources: including:Fatty fish, such as salmon, sardines, tuna, etc., and red meat. Liver meat, and egg yolk.

  • Foods fortified with Vitamin D: Like breakfast cereals, or cow's milk. Dietary supplements: Supplements for vitamin D are available in several forms, including vitamin D2, or what is called ergocalciferol, and vitamin D3, or what is called cholecalciferol.

Symptoms of a vitamin D deficiency:
Frequent illness or infection:
As it is one of the most important functions of vitamin D to maintain the health and strength of the immune system, and therefore its deficiency may expose the body to disease, in one study it was noted that a deficiency of vitamin D is associated with infection with respiratory infections, such as colds, pneumonia, and bronchitis, as another study found Taking vitamin D supplements at a dose of 4,000 IU per day reduces the risk of respiratory infection.

 Feeling tired and tired:
Where studies indicate that low blood levels of vitamin D can cause fatigue, which can negatively affect the quality of life, and it has been observed that women who suffer from stress and headaches have levels of vitamin D less than 5.9 ng / ml. Levels are very low.

Muscle and back pain:
As it is considered one of the most important functions of vitamin D in the body to improve the absorption of calcium, and therefore, back pain may be caused by a deficiency of vitamin D.

 Some studies have indicated that vitamin D deficiency is associated with depression, especially in the elderly, but some other studies have not been able to prove this, as it was noted that eating people with a deficiency of vitamin D for its nutritional supplements improves depression, especially seasonal depression that occurs during Winter months.

 Wound healing weakness:
As vitamin D plays a role in reducing infections and fighting infection, it is therefore important for wound healing, and its deficiency may cause problems in healing wounds caused by surgery, infection, or injury.

 Bone loss:
Vitamin D plays an important role in the absorption of calcium and bone metabolism, so a decrease in bone density can be a sign of a vitamin D deficiency. Hair loss: Vitamin D deficiency was observed to be associated with alopecia areata. It has been observed in one study that people with alopecia and had low levels of vitamin D had more hair loss.