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Causes of dehydration in children and its treatment


The children category is considered one of the most groups that are exposed to diseases, because their body systems are still in the process of development, and their immunity to pathogens is still few, where they are more at risk when they are ill, and it is a serious disease that raises the alarm when a child is infected It is dehydration, and dehydration is the lack of sufficient quantities of water in the body, as a result of a reason, and anyone at any age can develop dehydration, but the risk of infection in children is more than any other age.

Causes of dehydration in children:
 Not drinking enough fluids.
  1. The occurrence of severe diarrhea, which often causes the child to lose a lot of fluids and salts during a short period of time.
  2.  Having severe vomiting, and increases the risk of dehydration when accompanied by severe diarrhea.
  3.  Infection with some serious diseases.
  4.  Significant increase in temperature, which is associated with the loss of many fluids, and the risk increases if diarrhea and vomiting are associated with it.
  5. Excessive perspiration, especially when exerting great effort, and when the fluid lost in the body is not compensated, it becomes dehydrated.
  6. Diuresis, as the more urine the body produces, the more fluid it loses.
  7.  Exposure to hot weather, which increases sweating processes and hence the loss of a lot of fluids.
  8. The temperature is extremely extreme and high, especially in the summer, when the child's body becomes more in need of fluids and water, and the body is exposed to sweating that loses these elements, making it more prone to dehydration.

Methods for treating dehydration in children:
  •  Give the child a saline solution:So that it contains good proportions of salts to compensate for what was lost, and these solutions are found in pharmacies and some have nutrients that are easy to absorb, and contain substances that help in treating diarrhea if any, and salt solution can be prepared at home by mixing a teaspoon of salt with A teaspoon of sugar and two liters of healthy water, and try to give the baby in doses.
  • Breastfeeding :The infant should continue to be given breastfeeding even if he is taking solutions, and the type of formula must be changed if the child relies on it, as it must be given lactose-free milk.
  • Avoid giving the child:Some types of foods such as lactose-containing milk, caffeine drinks, fruit juice and jelly.
Signs and symptoms of dry body:
The symptoms and signs that may appear on the body due to dehydration differ. They may be simple in some cases, and they may become dangerous in other cases that threaten the life of the person. Some of the signs that may appear are:
Feeling headache:
 Where the body is affected by dehydration, the chemical composition of the blood differs due to the difference in the concentration of salts in it, the most important of which is sodium and potassium. Thus, the brain becomes more sensitive and the more dehydrated the smaller the blood volume and the less oxygen that reaches the brain, which causes an expansion of blood vessels and an increase in feeling of headache.

 Urine changed to dark or dark color:
 Where it results from the concentration of urine due to the accumulation of excreta and toxins in it due to the lack of abundant quantities of fluids, constipation, because the availability of fluids increases the movement of excreta through the colon and intestine, and then disposes of them outside, but when there are few liquids, these excreta are not able to move easily and the person is injured Constipation.

Feeling tired, fatigue, general weakness, drowsiness, decreased diuresis, low blood pressure, and a feeling of heart palpitations. High body temperature.
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