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What are the causes of nosebleeds in children

Nosebleeds are bleeding from the nose as a result of the rupture of the small blood vessels lining the area of ​​the nose, and nosebleeds are a common disorder in children especially between 3-10 years of age of the child that may seem dangerous, and that the nosebleeds often does not indicate a serious health problem The child has, and usually lasts for a short period of time not exceeding 10 minutes, and stops without the need for treatment, or through simple home treatment methods, and nosebleed is not considered a serious or one of the reasons that may lead to the child suffering from a lack of blood that reaches a stage of poverty Blood, unless severe bleeding recurs for several weeks or months in a row.

Causes of nosebleeds in children:
Suction of the mucous fluid from the nose:
As the use of a device to extract the mucous fluid from the nose leads to bleeding in some cases, especially if the part responsible for the suction is inserted into a deep point inside the nose.

Nose injury:
It occurs as a result of the fragility of the blood vessels in the nose in children. Exposure to a minor injury in the nose such as bumping into the ball, falling on the nose, or even rubbing the nose firmly and inserting the finger into the nose may lead to bleeding, in addition to pushing the mucous fluid from the nose strongly through exhalation In some cases, it may lead to bleeding.

 Nose and sinus disorders:
As infection with one of the types of nasal sinuses leads to nasal congestion and dryness of the mucous fluid, and infection with one of the types of nasal allergies leads to itchy nose, which results in the child trying to push the mucous fluid forcefully through the exhalation or itching of the nose, which in turn leads to the occurrence of bleeding .

 Where the use of certain types of medications, such as allergy medications, leads to dryness of the lining of the nose and an increased risk of bleeding, as the use of some medications may affect the mechanism of blood clotting and increase the chance of bleeding, such as: aspirin and ibuprofen, and here it is worth noting the need to avoid using aspirin By children due to possible other serious health complications.

 Blood diseases:
As severe nose bleeding that is difficult to stop in children indicates infection with a blood disorder that affects blood clotting, as these disorders are associated with platelets or clotting factors, such as hereditary hemorrhagic disease or hemophilia, and excessive bleeding of the gums or wounds may also indicate infection with this Disturbances, and it is worth noting that blood diseases are a rare cause of frequent nose bleeding.

 Histological distortions:
 Where some children suffer from abnormal growth in nasal tissues, such as nasal polyps, which are often benign but cause bleeding, here it is worth noting the need to treat these tissue abnormalities, as the risk of bleeding may increase if there are structural deformations in the nose in children .

 chronic diseases:
 Where some chronic diseases need oxygen therapy, or the use of some drugs that may cause drying of the lining of the nose, which results in an increased risk of nosebleeds as well.

Where some scientists believe that nasal bleeding is a precursor to migraines or migraines in children, as it was observed that nasal hemorrhage often precedes migraines by about three years, as a study published in the European Journal of Neurology in 2015 showed that 1.1% of Children suffer from nasal bleeding during a migraine attack, and some scientists believe that the actual rate exceeds this.

Tips for preventing child nosebleeds:
  1. Some advice should be followed in the event that the child suffers from frequent nasal bleeding to help prevent bleeding, some of which can be explained, namely:
  2. Refrain from smoking near the child.
  3.  Consult a doctor if the child suffers from a type of allergy.
  4.  You can use a home humidifier if the air dries up at home, taking care to clean the device periodically to prevent the growth of fungi and germs inside the device. You can put petroleum jelly into the child's nose several times a day to prevent drying of the mucous membranes in the nose.
  5. It is advised to prevent the child from messing in the nose and inserting his finger, or exhaling forcefully to try to get rid of the mucous fluid.
  6. It is recommended to use saline solution provided through nasal drops or sprays, as directed by your health care provider.
  7.  Instruct the child to put several drops of warm water into the nose before the exhale forcefully in an attempt to relieve nasal congestion.
  8. The child has allergies to help relieve itchy nose.
  9. Ensure that the child wears appropriate protective equipment during the exercise of the various exercises.