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Symptoms of kidney sand infection and methods of treatment


Kidney sand, or what is known as kidney stones, is one of the most common diseases of the urinary system. And some of them are larger, so that some of them reach the size of a table tennis ball, and the patient may develop kidney stones because of the presence of several factors that helped their formation. Such as an increase in the concentration of dissolved substances in the urine, or as a result of the absence of substances that prevent these deposits from sticking together, which allows the minerals to crystallize to form stones, often kidney stones do not cause permanent damage to the urinary system, but they cause severe pain to the patient, when they pass In the urinary tract.


Kidney sand symptoms:

Where the symptoms may differ depending on the patient’s situation in terms of the location of the stone and its size. If the stone is small, it may pass on its own without pain, while the symptoms begin to appear when the stone is large, as it blocks the flow of urine, which may cause severe pain. This condition may be felt by the patient:

  1. The occurrence of pain and this pain can be described as sharp and sudden waves on one side of the back or abdomen.
  2. The pain caused by kidney stones may change. In terms of the severity and location of the pain, due to the stone’s transfer to another location in the urinary system.
  3.  Change the color of urine to pink or brown.
  4.  Increase the number of times you urinate, and in small amounts.
  5.  Feeling sick and vomiting, or having a fever and chills, this indicates an infection.


Getting rid of kidney sand:

Where the method of disposal of stones that have formed in the kidney depends on two important matters, namely size and type, as the type of stones is known by collecting a sample of urine and examining it in the laboratory, as for the size, the smaller the size of the stones, the better, and you can get rid of kidney sand with this Roads



Drink a lot of water:

Whereas, drinking about six to eight cups of water a day helps diuresis, and thus contributes to facilitating the process of excreting stones. As for patients who cannot drink water due to nausea and vomiting, they can be given fluids intravenously.


 Take some medications:

They are considered pain relievers, such as narcotic pain relievers; They are powerful analgesics that are used for severe pain, and may cause addiction, and there are anti-inflammatories, in the event of a bacterial infection, and drugs that work on diuresis, sodium bicarbonate salt, and phosphorous solution.


Lithotripsy:

Where a doctor performs a procedure that uses sound waves to break up large stones to a smaller size that facilitates their passage through the ureter to the bladder, and thus outside the body through urine, but some patients may not prefer this procedure as it is uncomfortable and needs anesthesia, and it may cause bleeding around the area Kidney, and bruising on both sides of the abdomen and back.


 Removing kidney stones through the skin:

Where the stones are removed through a small incision in the back, and a tube is inserted into the kidney, and doctors usually resort to this procedure in these cases: The stones are so large that they cannot pass through the urinary tract.


 A ureteroscope:
 It is an advanced instrument in which a small wire with a camera is inserted into the urethra and up to the bladder, and the stones are caught by a special basket, removed to the outside, and then the stone sample is sent to the laboratory for analysis.


Prevention of kidney sand:

These health changes help prevent kidney stones from forming and developing:

  • Follow an appropriate diet: This is to reduce the intake of protein-containing foods such as: fish, red meat, eggs and cheeses, avoid foods rich in oxalates (such as: spinach, nuts, chocolate, and soy milk) and reduce the intake of foods that contain many salts.

  • Drinking adequate amounts of water: Drinking water frequently helps reduce the concentration of dissolved substances in the urine, thus preventing the formation of stones.

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