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Symptoms of salts in urine

Urine contains many elements, but sometimes the so-called kidney salts that are excreted in the urine can be formed, and these salts are classified depending on their size, type, and the amount of their presence in the urine, and their presence is considered normal, but this is when they are present in small quantities and small volumes, It is possible that some of these salts form kidney stones and they are found in different sizes, ranging in size from small granules such as sand to small pebbles the size of a pea or larger, and sometimes kidney stones do not constitute serious health problems, but the damage lies in the severe pain that they inflict as a result of their presence in the kidney.

Symptoms of salts in urine:

The presence of salts in the urine or the presence of kidney stones, may not result in distinctive symptoms that a person notices, unless the granules move through the ureter to the bladder, and among these symptoms the following:
  •  Severe pain in the side of the back, and it may move to the lower abdomen.
  •  Feeling of pain when urinating.
  • Urine is red or brown, or has a foul odor.
  •  Suffering from nausea and vomiting.
  • Fever and chills.
  • Frequent need to urinate.
  • Urinating small amounts.


Types of urine salts:

There are many types of salts that may be found in the urine, and may lead to problems, including kidney stones, and the doctor is interested in knowing the type of these salts in order to diagnose the cause and choose an appropriate method of treatment, and in the following we will mention some of them:

Calcium salts:

 Where it is in several forms, namely, calcium oxalate, which is considered one of the most common salts among the salts that cause kidney stones, as it is possible that cassium oxalate stones may arise in healthy individuals as well, and among the causes of the accumulation of this type of salts, dehydration due to not drinking sufficient amounts Water, eating a lot of foods rich in protein, sodium, oxalate, and sugar, in addition to obesity, and having some diseases related to the digestive system, and some health problems; Such as; Hyperthyroidism, and it is possible to reduce the formation of calcium oxalate salts by following a diet that relies on drinking large amounts of water, and reducing the intake of foods that make up this type of salts, preferably under the supervision of a specialist to follow up the situation and find out the main cause.

 Calcium Phosphate:

These salts usually appear in the basal urine, however it may appear in the urine of a normal person, that in rare cases, this type of salts may be associated with the lethargy of the parathyroid glands, and treatment is by drinking large quantities of water, and following A diet rich in calcium, in addition to taking some vitamin D supplements.


An increase in the percentage of cystine in the urine is considered a genetic disease, which causes an imbalance in the transfer of amino acids formed by breaking down proteins, and it accumulates in large quantities in the urine and works to form cystine stones, and it is possible to reduce the formation of stones, by drinking large quantities of fluids, which helps Reducing the concentration of cystine in the urine, in addition to taking drugs such as penicillamine, which works to bind with cysteine, and prevents it from aggregating and forming stones, and the stones that have formed can be treated through some medical procedures determined by the specialist.

Uric acid:

 The human body produces uric acid by breaking down purine compounds, which are found in body tissues, and through some foods that contain protein, especially meat, and then uric acid moves through the blood to the kidneys to be eliminated through the urine, but in the event that large amounts of protein are consumed This leads to the production of large amounts of uric acid, which can collect in the human body or in the kidneys to form kidney stones, which may be formed from uric acid alone or in combination with calcium, and that food alone is not considered the main cause of high acid levels. Uric acid in urine, as it depends on genetic factors that increase or decrease the body's ability to form kidney stones, or health problems.


Where struvite compounds are found, in the urine or the kidneys, where this type of salts is usually formed in women with urinary tract infections, more than men, as the bacteria work to break down the main component of urine; It is urea to ammonia, which converts the acidic environment of the urine into a basic medium, thus helping to form struvite stones.