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What are the symptoms of sciatica

Sciatica is the term given to the syndrome that is represented by the feeling of pain along the sciatic nerve, and in fact the sciatic nerve is the longest and largest nerve in the body, and extends from the lower part of the back across the hip and buttocks to the lower leg, where it branches into two slits at the knee, and therefore it can be said that there is Two hip nerves in the body, each with a leg.

Sciatica Symptoms:

 Sciatica causes pain in addition to the emergence of neurological symptoms, and it is worth noting that the pain associated with sciatica usually affects only one leg, and the symptoms extend from the lower back or buttocks to the thigh, then to the leg, and in fact the pain can be in the front part The back or lateral part of the thigh and leg, and the symptoms of sciatica are explained in some detail.

Main symptoms:

 The main symptoms associated with sciatica are pain, and pain can be described as follows:

The pain of sciatica may be intermittent or continuous, and the pain is more intense in the leg compared to the back, and the fact is that the leg pain is usually more in the inner part of it below the knee than in the rest of the leg.

The pain may spread and take the directions previously mentioned, that is, it moves from the bottom of the spine to the buttocks and then to the leg, and it is also concentrated in one side of the body without the other, as well as differs in its severity and degree. It ranges from a minor pain to an intense burning sensation or even more than that.

As changing position may affect this pain; The pain may become more intense when certain positions are taken, and it may be relieved by other positions. For example, sitting, trying to stand, or even standing for a long time, as well as leaning forward may worsen the pain of sciatica, and coughing may also make it more intense.

 The pain may remain the same or increase slightly when lying down, and this may cause discomfort to the victim when he sleeps. The pain is relieved when sleeping on the back, so that the knees are raised somewhat with a pillow or the like, or when lying on the side so that a pillow is placed between the legs, for such two positions help relieve the pain of sciatica, and the pain is reduced when walking or when applying the bag or heat pads to the area Pelvic floor, as well as relieves pain when doing pelvic exercises.

Sciatica pain may appear suddenly or gradually, depending on the underlying cause, for example if it is caused by a herniated spinal disc, it causes sudden pain, while it appears gradually if it is caused by arthritis

Neurological symptoms:

  1. Feeling of numbness in the leg along the sciatic nerve.
  2.  A pins or needles feeling in the foot or its toes.
  3.  Feeling weak in the leg or foot, the victim may also feel heaviness in the affected leg, which makes lifting the foot off the ground and moving it somewhat difficult.

Tips to relieve symptoms of sciatica:

Most people who suffer from sciatica feel better and their symptoms are relieved by following advice and home instructions, and it may be advised to take enough rest for a day or more, but it should be noted that inactivity and lack of physical activity for a long time increases the symptoms and signs of sciatica worse, and in general it can The list of tips that help relieve sciatica is as follows:

Apply cold water compresses:

It helps in the beginning to relieve the symptoms of sciatica, especially if it is applied several times a day for twenty minutes each time, and it can be applied using ice or the like after wrapping it with a suitable cloth, i.e. not applying it directly to the skin.

Applying hot compresses:

They are applied two to three days after the start of feeling sciatica, and you can switch between cold and hot compresses if the pain continues. Doing some types of exercise, especially stretching exercises, because these exercises relieve the pain felt by the injured in the lower back, as well as their role in relieving the pressure on the nerves in this area, and in general it is recommended that the length of the muscle extension be approximately thirty seconds And in the context of talking about the practice of stretching exercises and their effective role in controlling sciatica, it is worth noting that there are some practices during these exercises that must be avoided, including swinging and bending.

Taking over-the-counter pain relievers to dispense painkillers may be helpful in some cases of sciatica.Examples of medications in this group include ibuprofen and naproxen.