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Benefits of folic acid for humans

Folic acid belongs to the B group of vitamins, and it is also called vitamin B9, and it is the manufactured form of folate that is found naturally in food sources, and this form is available in nutritional supplements and fortified foods, and this vitamin is characterized by being soluble in water, as well as excess quantities of it It is excreted out of the body with urine, and it is not stored, so there is a need to obtain this vitamin from nutritional supplements or foods on a regular basis, and this vitamin plays an important role in cell functions, as it helps the growth of tissues, and helps with other vitamins to break down proteins, And use it, and the formation of new proteins.


Benefits of folic acid:

Getting adequate amounts of folic acid is associated with many health benefits for the body, and the most important of these are:

Reducing the risk of neural tube defects:

Low folate levels in the first weeks of pregnancy have been linked to infant development of neural tube defects. Such as: congenital malformation of the brain, spine, or spinal cord, and it is worth noting that most women do not have adequate levels of this vitamin, and therefore it is recommended that females of childbearing age be given nutritional supplements to it at least 400 mg per day.


 Reducing the risk of cancer:

 Eating large amounts of folate can reduce the risk of breast, lung, intestine, and pancreatic cancer. This is because this vitamin has an important role in gene expression, and researchers believe that its deficiency may cause gene control to stop, and thus it increases the risk of abnormal cell growth and the risk of cancer, in addition to that, this deficiency is associated with the formation of unstable DNA, This may increase the risk of developing this disease, and on the other hand, taking large amounts of folate by previously cancer patients can enhance the growth of their tumors, and taking folic acid supplements has been associated with an increased risk of developing this disease.



 The possibility of reducing the risk of autism:

Where one study indicated that a lack of folate in the body was associated with an increased risk of developing autism, as it was found that taking this vitamin before pregnancy, and in its early stages, can reduce the risk of developing this disease in people who suffer from an ineffective folate metabolism, and this is still The effect needs more studies.

 Reducing the risk of developing cleft lip:

One study showed that using folic acid supplements can reduce the risk of developing cleft lip, or the so-called cleft lip and palate.

1Rheumatoid arthritis treatment:

 As folic acid supplements are usually given to patients with rheumatoid arthritis, along with methotrexate drugs, which are considered effective treatments that are prescribed for this condition, but this drug causes the removal of folate from the body, which can cause some symptoms in the digestive system, but the use of supplements This vitamin reduced the side effects of the medication.


Prevention of anemia:

Where folic acid helps the body make new cells. Such as: red blood cells, so the body needs to make this type of cells to obtain adequate amounts of this vitamin, and a lack of folic acid in the body is one of the causes of anemia.


Possibility to reduce the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration:

 Where studies have indicated that taking folic acid with other vitamins; Such as: Vitamin B12 and Vitamin B6 can reduce the risk of developing age-related vision loss.


 Reducing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease:

Whereas, folic acid, together with vitamin B12 and vitamin B6, affect the control of high homocysteine ​​levels in the blood; As high levels of it may lead to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.


Reducing blood pressure:

One of the studies conducted on women showed that those who consumed higher amounts of folate had a lower risk of developing high blood pressure compared to others, and it was found that taking folic acid supplements had the same effect, but studies have not yet proven the possibility of using these supplements to treat high pressure. the blood.-+

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