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What are the symptoms of pregnancy in the first week

Pregnancy is a unique experience in a woman's life. Where there are many changes not only on the body, but beyond it to the mood and feelings of the woman, these changes occur as a result of many hormones that are secreted by the body in preparation for receiving the fetus in the womb and helping it to grow and develop, and the most important pregnancy hormones are estrogen and progesterone, which are the two hormones They are responsible for most of the changes in a pregnant woman, and their focus increases as the pregnancy progresses.

Symptoms of pregnancy in the first week:

As when pregnancy occurs, some early symptoms appear that indicate the occurrence of pregnancy, but it is necessary to pay attention that some of these symptoms may be due to some health problems. Come:

  •  Cramps and light spotting; When the egg implants in the lining of the uterus, this can lead to light drops of blood, and this usually happens about 6-12 days after fertilization of the egg.
  • White vaginal discharge due to the thickening of the vaginal wall.
  • Feeling of heaviness and swelling in the breasts, and a change in the color of the area around the nipples due to the change in the level of hormones in the body.
  •  Feeling tired due to the high level of the hormone progesterone, and fatigue may also be due to low blood pressure, or because of a low blood sugar level.
  • Feeling sick at any time of the day, but most women suffer from it in the early morning hours, and this condition occurs due to pregnancy hormones, but there are few women who do not feel it.
  • A change in the pregnant woman's appetite and aversion to some foods that were her favorite because of hormonal changes.
  • Absence or a late period, and this symptom is one of the most obvious symptoms of pregnancy.
  • A rise in basal body temperature.
  • Urinating frequently, due to hormonal changes that increase the volume of blood and its flow to the kidneys, which leads to the bladder filling up quickly and the need to empty it constantly. The need to urinate increases as the pregnancy progresses due to the pressure of the fetus on the bladder.
  •  A slight swelling in the waist circumference, and this is due to hormonal changes and not to an increase in the size of the uterus.

Common symptoms of pregnancy:

 Common symptoms of pregnancy include:

  1. Mood change: Some pregnant women may feel depressed and irritable, on the other hand, some pregnant women may experience feelings of elation, due to hormonal changes.
  2.  Constipation: This results from the pressure of the uterus on the rectum, and the slowing down of the movement of the digestive system due to pregnancy hormones, which leads to severe constipation, which leads to the occurrence of hemorrhoids.
  3. Itching: It is a symptom that causes discomfort, and may cause sleep disturbance for a pregnant woman. Leg cramps: These are involuntary contractions that often affect the leg muscles during the night, due to the accumulation of acids in them.
  4.  Back pain resulting from loosening of the uterine ligaments.
  5.  Abdominal and uterine cramps in the form of menstrual pain.
  6.  An increase in normal vaginal secretions that are transparent white in color that do not have an odor and are not itchy.
  7.  Heartburn: Heartburn occurs as a result of increased secretion of the hormone progesterone, which relaxes the muscle separating the esophagus and stomach, which leads to the arrival of stomach acids into the esophagus and a feeling of burning.
  8. Swelling of the legs, the appearance of varicose veins due to the pressure of the uterus on the veins, and an increase in blood volume.

pregnancy test:

Whereas, when the fertilized egg implants in the uterus, the chorionic gonadotropin hormone, which helps the growth and implantation of the fetus, begins to be secreted, and after the concentration of this hormone reaches a sufficient level, it begins to be excreted from the body through the urine, and then its presence can be detected by the chemicals used in pregnancy tests, Most of the devices available in the market explain how to use them easily, but in general, the following method can be adopted for most devices:

  • Two to three drops of urine are placed on the small window prepared to receive urine. In most cases, there is a small dropper used to collect urine and distill it in the appropriate place.
  •  Wait several minutes for the test result to appear.
  •  The device consists of two windows; The control window written on it (control) that informs the user if the test was performed correctly or not, and the second window written on it (test) indicates whether or not the pregnancy is present.
  •  Some devices may show the word (minus) meaning negative and no pregnancy, or (plus) meaning positive and there is pregnancy.
  • And there are devices that if there are two streaks, then that means there is a pregnancy, and if there is one streak there is no pregnancy.

When to use a pregnancy test:

 The pregnancy screening test is done in the early hours of the day, preferably when you wake up. Because the concentration of the pregnancy hormone at this time is very high, and the test is performed from the first day of menopause; Where it is positive approximately two weeks after the occurrence of pregnancy, which is the same as the date of the menstrual period, if there is no positive result when performing the examination, the examination can be repeated again after a week, and for more accuracy, pregnancy can be detected by performing a blood test instead of a urine test.