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What are the stages of a blood clot

 A blood clot is a blood clot that prevents blood from bleeding, and it is considered one of the important factors in stopping blood bleeding from the affected blood vessels, which is called the process of hemostasis, where the blood plate covers the affected site of the vessel wall, which leads to the formation of a blood clot from the fibrin protein In order to stop the bleeding and repair the affected blood vessel, there is a possibility that blood clotting disorders lead to two conditions of hemorrhage or an obstructive thrombosis.

Stages of blood clotting:

Formation of a platelet plug:

As the blood clotting process occurs suddenly and somewhat quickly, after the blood vessel is exposed to injury, and it results in damage to the endothelium layer, which represents the lining membrane of the vessel wall, but if the blood is exposed to proteins such as the tissue factor it results in changes occurring in the platelets, and from Among these proteins, plasma called fibrinogen, which is one of the most important factors that produce blood clots, and thus a rapid blockage of platelets, which is called secondary hemostasis.

 Permanent thrombus stabilization:

Where major changes happen at this stage as it secretes platelets and destructive tissues an enzyme called thromboplastin, where the proteins in blood plasma known as clotting factors, or clotting factors, respond to an enzyme called prothrombinase that converts the protein prothrombin into thrombin, and it needs This reaction to calcium ions called coagulation factor IV, in addition to the fats on the surface of the platelets, and thus interact with each other to form fibrin strands that increase the strength and support of the blood blockage that results from platelets in the past.

Cases prone to developing blood clots:

  • People over sixty years old.
  •  People who are overweight and obese.
  •  Repeated occurrence of thrombosis if it happened before.
  •  It occurs in cases of pregnant women, or childbearing at a later age.
  •  People with cancer, or when being treated for cancer. Possibility of rapid blood clotting, such as antiphospholipid syndrome.
  • The hereditary factor plays a major role in developing a blood clot.
  •  Exposure to a stroke when staying in the hospital, and you must move from time to time.

 Ways to prevent the risk of developing blood clots:

  • Reducing excess body weight.
  • Drink enough fluids to stay hydrated.
  •  Avoid wearing tight clothing.
  • Taking anticoagulant or blood-thinning medications, consulting a doctor.