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What are the ways to treat weak heart muscle

The heart muscle consists of a group of muscle cells, and what distinguishes these cells is that they work to maintain and regularize the human lifetime without stopping, and the heart is divided into four chambers separated by a septum consisting of connective tissue, two on the right side and two on the left side, and these are called The upper chambers have two atria, and they consist of thin, flexible muscle walls, while the lower chambers are called the ventricles, which are larger in size and are made up of strong and thick muscular walls, and the right atrium receives blood from all parts of the body through the two hollow veins, and then the right atrium pumps blood into the ventricle. In turn, the blood is pumped to the lung until it is oxygenated, then the oxygenated blood returns to the left atrium, which then pumps it to the left ventricle so that blood is pumped to the rest of the body.


Weakening of the heart muscle:

It is considered myopathy or weakness of the heart muscle is a disease that affects the heart muscle, as it becomes more severe, thicker, or thicker, and in some rare cases, the heart tissue may be replaced by scar tissue, and the heart muscle becomes weak, and its ability to pump blood and maintain Heart failure, and all of this may lead to heart failure, or an irregular heartbeat, and heart failure may cause fluid retention in the lungs, feet, legs or in the abdomen, and weakness of the heart muscle may cause problems in the heart valves.


Types and causes of cardiomyopathy:

 Cardiopathy is divided into all of the following:

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy:

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy occurs when the heart muscle enlarges and thickens, and this enlargement usually occurs in the ventricles and the cardiac septum that separates the left and right sides of the heart, and the enlarged areas may cause narrowing or blockage in the ventricles, which makes the heart pumping more difficult. Often this type is hereditary, caused by a mutation or change in the genes responsible for heart muscle proteins, and this type can develop due to diseases that accompany age, such as: high blood pressure and diabetes.


 Dilated cardiomyopathy:

Where this type occurs when the ventricles expand and weaken, where they become unable to pump blood efficiently, and this type may cause heart failure and irregular heartbeats, this type is usually hereditary, and some cases that cause this type of deficiency are drinking alcohol for periods of time. Long, heavy metal poisoning, complications of the last month of pregnancy, high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid diseases, drugs such as amphetamines and cocaine, and some viral infections.



 Restrictive cardiomyopathy:

Where this type occurs when the ventricles become more rigid and rigid, which makes them unable to expand and fill with blood normally, and the causes of this type are, amyloidosis (a disease that causes protein to deposit in the heart, which leads to its stiffness and inability to function properly), and sedimentation disease Hemochromatosis (iron deposition inside the human body), sarcoidosis (a disease that causes several infections in different parts of the body), diseases affecting connective tissues, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.


 Cardiomyopathy:

As this type is considered rare genetic, and it occurs when the muscle tissue in the right ventricle is replaced by fibrous fatty tissue, and this type may lead to an irregular heartbeat, and this type usually affects young people in their teenage years.


Symptoms of heart muscle weakness:

As some patients may not suffer from any symptoms throughout the course of the disease, and on the other hand, these symptoms may appear gradually in some other patients, as it may appear after long periods of infection due to a minor accident, such as exposure to muscle exertion, or exposure For surgery, or exposure to a microbial infection, as for the symptoms themselves, they are represented by each of the following:

  1.  Shortness of breath when performing any physical activity.
  2.  The inability of the victim to sleep on his back at night; Because that may cause severe shortness of breath.
  3.  Feeling tired and exhausted.
  4.  The appearance of swelling in the feet, legs, abdomen, or neck veins. Feeling dizzy. Acute pain in the abdomen.
  5.  Exposure to fainting during physical activities.
  6.  Arrhythmia.
  7.  Chest pain, especially after exercising or eating a heavy meal. Heart murmurs (abnormal heart sounds that occur during heart palpitations).



Treating heart muscle weakness:

Where patients without symptoms may not need treatment, as the type of dilated cardiomyopathy may occur suddenly and disappear on its own, and in contrast, the other part of patients may need treatment, and this treatment depends on the type of myopathy, symptoms and complications of the disease, and age And the general health status of the patient, and the success of treatment is due to early diagnosis of the disease, so it is recommended to conduct periodic follow-up of heart functions for those over the age of fifty, especially those who suffer from high blood pressure, and the main goals of treating cardiomyopathy are the following: Control of the general symptoms of the disease within As much as possible so that the patient is able to live normally, treat conditions that cause the disease, reduce disease complications and the risk of sudden cardiac arrest, and stop the progress and worsening of the disease, what treatment for weak heart muscle includes the following:

Changing the patient's lifestyle:
 where the doctor may suggest changing the patient’s lifestyle to control the cause of the disease and this includes heart-healthy eating, and you should avoid foods and drinks that lead to high blood pressure, and be by drastically avoiding food salt, and reducing tea and coffee.

  1.  Maintain weight and monitor it.
  2. Reducing tension and psychological stress.
  3.  Increase physical activity within the permissible limit. Quit Smoking.


Medicines used to treat the heart muscle:

 Several medications are used to treat cardiomyopathy, and your doctor may prescribe these medications in order to maintain the electrolyte balance in the body:

  •  Mineral salts with an electric charge such as chlorine, sodium, potassium, phosphorous, magnesium, and phosphate maintain the level of fluids and the acid-base balance within the body, as well as help the nervous and muscular tissues to function properly, and imbalance of these minerals may be a sign of dehydration (lack of fluids) In the body), heart failure, or high blood pressure.


  • Aldosterone antagonists are one example of a drug that maintains electrolyte balance in the body. Maintaining a regular heartbeat: Anti-arrhythmic drugs are used to maintain a normal heart rhythm.


  •  Lowering blood pressure: Examples of antihypertensive drugs are ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor antagonists, beta blockers, and calcium channel blockers.


  •  Preventing blood clots: anticoagulants are one of the drugs used to prevent blood clots from forming. Treating infections: Corticosteroids are used to reduce inflammation.


Slow heart rate:

Beta blockers and calcium channel blockers are used for this purpose. The medications prescribed by the doctor must be taken regularly, and do not change or omit the prescribed dose unless the doctor informs. Surgical operations: It is the removal of part of the wall of the enlarged muscle in the case of hypertrophic cardiopathy, and this surgery is often performed in younger patients, and when the patient's body does not respond to the aforementioned drugs.

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