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The effect of gestational diabetes on the fetus

 Most pregnant women who develop diabetes during pregnancy will give birth to a healthy and healthy baby, and the dietary changes that a pregnant woman may make to her diet during pregnancy in addition to exercising may be enough to control her blood glucose levels during the period. Pregnancy, despite this, a person with diabetes may sometimes need to use medication during pregnancy to control her blood sugar levels, and if diabetes is not treated in a pregnant woman during pregnancy, so that this leads to the spread of excess sugar in the mother's blood In the blood of the fetus as well, the problems that may occur to both the mother and the child are serious problems, and therefore maintaining blood sugar levels during pregnancy within the target range will reduce the chance of these problems occurring and developing them and will increase the chance of a healthy pregnancy for women in addition to That it increases the chance of conceiving a healthy and healthy baby.

Excess birth weight:

Whereas, if a pregnant woman’s blood sugar levels continue to rise during pregnancy and is not well controlled, then this will end up with a high level of glucose in the fetus’s blood, and thus the fetus’s pancreas may need to produce more insulin in order to process its additional sugar levels. In fact, the presence of sugar and insulin at high levels in the fetus’s blood may lead to an increase in the weight of the fetus, so that this extra weight will be stored in the form of fat, and this may make the fetus’s growth in a very large pattern and this is called fetal macrosomia, and it is possible for the baby to reach the weight of this The condition is 4.1 kilograms, and in addition to causing discomfort in the pregnant woman during the first months of pregnancy, it may lead to problems for both the mother and her fetus during childbirth, and therefore a cesarean section may be resorted to, to give birth to the child. The baby suffers from nerve damage as a result of pressure on his shoulder during the birth process.


Low blood sugar:

As sometimes the children of mothers with gestational diabetes may suffer from a low level of sugar (glucose) in the blood, and soon after birth, and severe episodes of low blood sugar levels may cause seizures of convulsions in the child, and to understand this topic More It should be noted that as a result of the high levels of glucose in a pregnant woman for a long time during her pregnancy, the insulin levels of the fetus are high to keep up with that, and in the postpartum period the child's insulin continues at high levels, but the child was not considered at that time getting glucose from the mother, Which leads to low levels of glucose in the blood of the newborn child, and it should be noted that the level of glucose is checked, and in the blood of the child regularly in the first few days after birth, and if the level is very low, the child can be given glucose through a vein in order to restore the levels. Natural blood sugar, and frequent feeding of the baby can help reduce this effect.



Premature labor (prematurity):

 As high blood sugar levels may cause a higher risk of premature labor, and premature labor before the appointed time; That is, before the thirty-seventh week of pregnancy, or the doctor may recommend it due to the large size of the child, and premature birth exposes the child to the risk of many complications such as respiratory distress syndrome, which is known as a health condition represented by difficulty breathing in the infant, which is often What requires the child's reliance on assisted breathing mechanisms in the early stages of his life, and with the passage of time and with the maturation of the child's lungs and their gaining strength, the child becomes able to breathe independently, usually, and in addition to this syndrome, premature birth may lead to jaundice, which is a treatable condition Makes the skin yellow.

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