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What are the reasons that lead to stomach ache

 The stomach is one of the parts of the digestive system, and it stores food temporarily, and digests it through the contraction and relaxation of the stomach muscles, and the stomach is linked to the esophagus on the one hand, and on the other hand it is linked to the first part of the small intestine known as the duodenum, and the stomach is divided into several parts, namely, the heart, It is the first part of the stomach that is connected to the bottom of the esophagus, and it consists of a sphincter that prevents the return of food from the stomach to the esophagus, and the bottom, and represents the upper curved part of the stomach to the left of the heart, and the body, which is the central area of ​​the stomach in which food is mixed and digested, The pylorus, which is the part that connects the stomach with the small intestine, and this area consists of a thick ring of muscles that transport food from the stomach to the duodenum, and prevents the return of food to the stomach after passing through the pylorus.


Causes of stomach ache:

Where stomach ache often occurs as an expression of pain or cramps in the abdomen, which often lasts for short periods, and does not pose a threat to the patient's life, and this occurs as a result of many reasons, and the following is an explanation of the causes of stomach pain:



Peptic ulcers:

This means damage to the lining of the stomach or small intestine. As a result of using some drugs, such as: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or as a result of a bacterial infection, in addition to stomach pain, the patient may face some other symptoms, such as, nausea, vomiting, and a feeling of fullness of the stomach when eating little food, and some signs that indicate Bleeding, such as: shortness of breath, paleness, or fatigue.


Gastritis:

Inflammation of the stomach lining occurs due to a bacterial infection, or problems with the immune system, and the inflammation may be acute and last for a short time, or it may be chronic. So that it lasts for years or more, and other symptoms of gastritis, a change in the color of the stool to black, and vomiting of blood that looks like coffee grounds.

 Gastro-oesophageal reflux:

 Common symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux include sore throat, hoarseness, persistent cough, stomach and chest pain, indigestion, and an acid taste in the mouth.


Indigestion:

This occurs when there is difficulty in digesting some types of food, and it also results in the following: nausea, a feeling of gas pressure in the abdomen, a feeling of bloating, belching, and a feeling of fullness even when eating small amounts of food.



 Esophagitis:

This occurs as a result of the use of certain medications, allergies, or gastric acid reflux, and in the absence of treatment of esophagitis, it may eventually lead to scarring in the lining of the esophagus, and common symptoms of esophagitis, coughing, and the presence of difficulty or pain when swallowing, A burning sensation in the chest, in addition to an acid taste in the mouth.


Lactose intolerance:

This means that some bodies are unable to break down lactose, a sugar found in milk and dairy products, and it produces many symptoms, including pain and cramping in the stomach.


Feeling of bloating and gas. Nausea or vomiting. diarrhea. Pregnancy:

 Since it is very common for pregnant women to suffer from stomach pain; This is a result of hormonal changes in pregnancy, and it can also happen due to acid reflux and pressure resulting from the expansion of the uterus.


 Hiatal hernia:

 It usually affects the elderly, and it occurs when part of the stomach pushes up the chest through the diaphragm. As a result of weakness in the muscles of the diaphragm, and accompanied by the emergence of several symptoms, such as: belching, a feeling of discomfort in the chest, suffering from gas. And trouble swallowing. Gallbladder problems, such as: gallstones, and the symptoms resulting from them, severe pain in the upper right side of the stomach after eating, loss of appetite, flatulence and gas, change in the color of stool to resemble the color of clay, and yellowing of the color of the skin.


For gastroenteritis:

Most cases of gastroenteritis occur as a result of a viral infection, or a bacterial infection, and result in the feeling of pain in the abdomen, accompanied by vomiting, loose stools, fever, nausea, and flatulence, and symptoms disappear in most cases within several days, and it may Symptoms that last for more than two days indicate the presence of a more serious health problem, such as inflammatory bowel disease.

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